They say beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
But science has a different view that what pleases the eye follows the “golden ratio” – and researchers say that Sir Christopher Wren, according to this theory St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is the most beautiful building in the world because it comes closest to that formula, with an alignment of 72.28 percent to be precise.
Using the golden ratio, the researchers created a top 50 ranking for beautiful buildings in which Marina Bay Sands Resort in Singapore is the second after Wren’s masterpiece (70.88 percent), Westminster Abbey third in London (70.50 percent), Osaka Castle in Japan fourth (70.38 percent) and St. Basil Cathedral in Moscow is fifth (69.10 percent).
St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is the most beautiful building in the world – according to the science of the golden ratio
For the building ranking created by Roofing Megastore, 100 of the world’s most famous architectural works were analyzed using the golden ratio. The researchers recorded the most common points found on a building, such as: The top and bottom corners, the center of the building, and equidistant points around the perimeter, before comparing the distance between these marks with those determined by the ratio
According to a study, the Marina Bay Sands Resort in Singapore is the second most beautiful building in the world. It is 70.88 percent aligned with the golden ratio
The third most beautiful building in the world is Westminster Abbey
Further down in the ranking are the Taj Mahal (eighth, 67.45 percent), The White House (17th, 53.31 percent) and the Great Pyramid of Giza (19.52.35 percent).
Not familiar with the golden ratio?
It has long been used as a barometer of beauty and has a numerical ratio of 1: 1.618. A building that is based on this would therefore contain forms and structures that are related to one another in this relationship.
For reasons that cannot really be explained, people find objects that unfold with this expansion ratio naturally beautiful.
Fascinatingly, this “golden ratio” can be found in Sonic the Hedgehog’s head, in flowers, waves and even in galaxies.
This YouTube video explains it brilliantly, and shows even more stunning examples of where the relationship can be found.
THE TOP 50 MOST BEAUTIFUL BUILDINGS IN THE WORLD – BY SCIENCE
1. St. Paul’s Cathedral (England, built 1710) – 72.28 percent alignment with the golden ratio
2. Marina Bay Sands Resort (Singapore, 2010) – 70.88%
3. Westminster Abbey (England, 1269) – 70.50%
4th Osaka Castle (Japan, 1583) – 70.38%
5. St. Basil’s Cathedral (Russia, 1561) – 69.10%
6th Casa Mila (Spain, 1912) – 68.64%
7th Florence Cathedral (Italy, 1436) – 67.52%
8th. Taj Mahal (India, 1653) – 67.45%
9. Dance house (Czech Republic, 1996) – 66.87%
10. Neuschwanstein Castle (Germany, 1886) – 63.10%
11. Colgone Cathedral (Germany, 1880) – 61.69%
12th St. Peter’s Basilica (Vatican City, 1626) – 61.47%
13th St. Louis Cathedral (USA, 1850) – 58.10%
14th Petra (Jordan, 5 BC) – 57.12%
15th Brasilia Cathedral (Brazil, 1970) – 55.79%
16. Faisal Mosque (Pakistan, 1986) – 55.23%
17th The White House (US, 1800) – 53.31%
18th Brandenberg Gate (Germany, 1791) – 52.56%
19th Great Pyramid of Giza (Egypt, 2560 BC) – 52.35%
20th Milan Cathedral (Italy, 1965) – 50.30%
21. Golden Pavilion (Japan, 1397) – 50.14%
22nd Hawa Mahal (India, 1799) – 49.18%
23 Luxor Temple (Egypt, 1400 BC) – 49.14%
24 Berlin Cathedral (Germany, 1905) – 48.72%
25th Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum (USA, 1959) – 48.49%
26th The Pantheon (Italy, 125) – 48.48%
27 Bourges Cathedral (France, 1230) – 48.13%
28. The Castle – Walt Disney World (USA, 1971) – 46.87%
29 The Chrysler Building (US, 1930) – 46.20%
30th The Tokyo Imperial Palace (Japan, 1888) – 45.55%
31. 20 Fenchurch Street / The Walkie Talkie (UK, 2014) – 43.82%
32. Sagrada Familia (Spain, planned for 2026) – 43.23%
33. Trevi Fountain (Italy, 1762) – 42.42%
34. Great Kremlin Palace (Russia, 1849) – 41.38%
35. Casa Batlló (Spain, 1906) – 41.03%
36. Dresden Frauenkirche (Germany, 1743) – 40.65%
37. The Parliament Palace (Romania, 1997) – 40.02%
38. Dome of the Rock (Israel, 692) – 39.99%
39. Sao Paulo Cathedral (Brazil, 1967) – 38.77%
40 Chichen Itza (Mexico, 600) – 38.23%
41. Grand Palace (Thailand, 1782) – 37.84%
42. Ephesus (Turkey, 1000 BC) – 37.56%
43. Sydney Opera House (Australia, 1973) – 35.08%
44. The Empire State Building (USA, 1931) – 35.04%
45. Fairmont Le Château Frontenac (Canada, 1893) – 34.53%
46. Notre Dame Cathedral (France, 1345) – 34.37%
47. Burj Al Arab (UAE, 1999) – 33.98%
48. Hagia Sophia (Turkey, 537) – 33.61%
49. Angkor Wat (Cambodia, 1100) – 33.07%
50. Fisherman’s Bastion (Hungary, 1851) – 33.01%
The golden ratio has long been used as a barometer of beauty and is numerically a ratio of 1: 1.618. A building that is aligned with it would therefore contain forms and structures that are related to one another in this relationship (see illustration above).
For the building ranking created by Roofing Megastore, 100 of the most famous architectural works in the world were analyzed against the golden ratio using custom software. The researchers recorded the most common points found on a building, such as: B. the top and bottom corners. the center of the building and equidistant points around the perimeter before comparing the distance between these marks with those established by the ratio.
The study found that more modern works do not seem to fit into the ideals of beauty set forth in relation to each other. In the results built after the 19th century, only six of the top 20 buildings were erected.
Only a quarter of the 50 largest buildings were built after the 19th century, with the US ahead of the pack.
The fourth most beautiful building in the world – Osaka Castle in Japan. It corresponds to the golden ratio by 70.38 percent
Six of America’s most iconic landmarks are in the top 50, including the Empire State and Chrysler buildings in NYC, while Germany is just one behind.
Other notable buildings from around the world that have been found particularly beautiful in the eyes of science are Gaudi’s Sagrada Familia in Barcelona (32nd), the Sydney Opera House (43rd) and Notre-Dame in Paris (46th).
Elsewhere, more modern works like the London Shard and Dubai’s Burj Khalifa fare exceptionally poorly, which in turn shows that classic styles like Gothic and Roman architecture are victorious in terms of golden section aesthetics.
St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow ranks fifth in the ranking of beautiful buildings with a golden ratio of 69.10 percent
The White House is the 17th most beautiful building in the world when research shows that the golden ratio counts
THE BASICS OF BUILDING DESIGN – AFTER A TOP ARCHITECT
Jonathan Plant, Managing Director at Lipton Plant Architects: “For me there are two basic design principles that must be taken into account when designing great architecture. Context and detail. With a detailed understanding of the context of a building, the design of a building can respond to places and people. By that I mean the physical and historical context of the place and the context of the people for whom the building was designed. Detail, in using often simple materials well and for the purpose for which they were intended.
“The way a brick is used can make a fundamental difference in how a building looks and feels. Using the right grout and making sure that all dimensions and openings are within a “brick dimension” will ensure that the facade will sing, even though it may not be obvious to the viewer. ‘
For London-based architect Chris Bradley, the lack of a golden ratio in modern buildings in the ranking proves “it is redundant”.
He told MailOnline Travel, “Ratio is actually just one of many tools used by architects – including Da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man – to divide up space and evaluate the underlying shapes that may appear on the drawing board develop.
“Mathematical relationships cannot be applied to our emotional reactions in space, and buildings, like people, are incredibly complex.
Mathematical relationships cannot be applied to our emotional reactions in space, and buildings, like people, are incredibly complex
Architect Chris Bradley
“I like it when my buildings are imperfect.
“The lack of noteworthy modern buildings on the list only proves that it is redundant. More emphasis is now being placed on creating an equitable space that reflects our lived experience, along with the environmental wisdom of native and local architecture. This is beauty.
The winners of the Pritzker Prize, Anne Lacaton and Jean-Philippe Vassal, have shown their customers the feasibility of reusing buildings. Enric Miralles opened my eyes to concrete stages that can also be vulnerable, and I invest Tadao Ando’s zen courtyards with my own feelings. David Adjaye takes human history and weaves it into his increasingly monumental work. Everything is different and everything is beautiful. ‘
Gian Carlo-Grossi, Managing Director of Roofing Megastore, commented: “As we are based in the UK, we were thrilled to have the official ‘most beautiful building in the world’ in London. But beyond St. Pau’s Cathedral itself, it was also evident that traditional buildings captivate much of the modern architecture found in today’s skylines. ‘
He added, “Whether you are an architect or not, a lot of people have an opinion about what styles of architecture prevail over others, and it’s a debate that goes all the way down to the styles of living we live in.”
Read more about the 50 most beautiful buildings Here.
Check out the sixth most beautiful building in the world – Casa Mila in Barcleona