By Joseph Reis – owner of fbx.ee – fbx.ee.com
Technology, which is part of our everyday life, affects us from head to toe. We use scientific tools and equipment in all areas of life. From the education sector to the health department, from the corporate world to the agricultural sector, we depend on modern technology to meet the challenges we face every day. Technology has hit us so hard that a day without all of these modern gadgets would lead to chaos. We remember the past centuries as the Stone Age, when people had no scientific tools and were only dependent on human labor. Here we will discuss agricultural technology and what it means. Technology in agriculture has the same status as AI in automobiles, deep learning, and other such areas.
Agriculture is the backbone of many countries, especially those that are rich in fertile land and have rural economies. The agricultural sector alone can create thousands of jobs. It always has the potential to grow and make money both domestically and internationally. The agricultural sector meets a country’s demand for food. It is one of the most important sectors of earnings in the world, although the corporate sector has grown exponentially and now with the concept of capitalism much of the world has shifted its attention to industrialization, but agriculture remains an important part of the world economy.
Countries with modern agricultural technology are the largest producers of wheat, rice and cotton. China leads the world by producing billions of tons of these crops every year. It produces 130 to 150 Million tons of wheat, 148 Million tons of rice and 110 Millions of tons of sugar cane per year.
In the past, sowing plants has been a difficult task in terms of time and labor. A farmer had to plow the field with the help of oxen and horses. That was definitely a time consuming process. Second, he had to harrow his field and grow his crops alone or with the help of some other people. In the end, he had to harvest his own harvest. Technology in the agricultural sector has revolutionized this sector and made the life of farmers a lot easier. Science and technology have helped the agricultural sector in the following ways.
- Semen quality
- Soil fertility
- Increase yield
- Water use
- Prevention of locusts
- Prevention of plant diseases
- Increase Income
Good quality seeds are required for harvest, and ultimately for a farmer. Poor quality seeds always lead to crop failures, low germination and a disaster for a farmer. Scientific research has enabled farmers to develop seeds with better genes and better quality that are resistant to the plant diseases and also result in a shock crop. Usually pests and insects attack crops that have poor quality seeds.
Nowadays, plants resist disease even without pesticides. According to an investigation, the wheat yield drops 3-4% with 1 ° C temperature rise. A high quality seed can increase plant production up 20%. The total wheat production in the world is round 776.5 million tons annually and increasing every year due to better quality seeds. A good quality seed can withstand the temperature changes in a given region.
A fertile land is necessary for a crop to grow. In ancient times, farmers use the animal’s manure to use as natural fertilizer. However, this is a very long exercise. It takes a whole year for a country to replenish its lost minerals. At this advanced age, synthetic fertilizers are made in factories that contain all of the required products, including nitrates, phosphates, and sulfates. In addition, the soil needs all of these ingredients in the correct proportions and that is managed in artificial fertilizers.
Some countries only need nitrogen, others only potassium. In this way, appropriate fertilizers are produced in the required proportions. Contains urea 46.6 Percent nitrogen in it. This amount of nitrogen is necessary for many crops. China uses an underground irrigation technology that contains liquid ammonia 82 % in. This is one of the best watering methods that will increase crop production 20-40 %. All of these measures increase soil fertility many times over.
A farmer always tends to increase his soil productivity. A fertile soil always produces a push crop that benefits both the farmer and the land. New scientific methods are introduced that increase soil productivity and increase yield. Edaphic factors such as soil moisture, pH and temperature are always proven to be best for the cultivated plants when scientifically regulated. Water with a pH between 5-7 necessary for normal plant growth.
Adding the necessary elements to the floor will increase productivity. Maximum return is only possible if effective measures are taken that are necessary for a particular country. Nowadays, drone technology has helped us a lot in monitoring crops. A farmer can access all relevant information using drone technology. Pesticide sprays are now carried out with the help of drones. Plant diseases are also better combated with this technology. about 15th– –17th% of the world’s land is irrigated, but productivity is not uniform 50%. It is estimated that total global cotton production is roughly in between 25 to 30 million tons yearly.
Water is necessary for a crop to be cultivated. In the past, crops were mostly based on rainwater or the crops were grown near canals and rivers. There was no specific water supply system that resulted in the loss of thousands of gallons of water. Now the cultivation is based on pipe well water systems. An adequate supply of water is required for a culture to grow. Agricultural technology and science have helped us a lot with water use, as it now saves extra water and only uses the amount of water needed.
In addition, during the rainy season and floods, scientific instruments informed us before an event occurred. This will save thousands of acres of land from destruction. A relatively new concept of drip irrigation is introduced that can save 70% water and more than 80% pesticides and fertilizers. India was in charge in 2018 15% less crop production due to drought. Pipe wells and subterranean irrigation systems help farmers when there is less water available.
A big problem farmers typically face every year is the fear of plant diseases that ruin their whole year of hard work. Thousands of tons of fruit and vegetables are severely affected by disease every year. But now scientific methods have allowed us to grow plants that have disease-resistant genes and show better results.
Diseases such as apple scab, cotton root rot and potato wilt adversely affect the harvest. The cotton harvest is severely affected by Whitefly. These diseases lead to famine in a certain area and also increase poverty. This also leads to a loss of income for a country. For example a genetically modified cotton was introduced Named as in the mid 90’s Bt cotton. It was an important step that increased cotton production around the world. The aim was to produce a cotton crop that could withstand the attack from Bacillus thuringiensis. In 2011, this genetically modified cotton crop was grown in the US, China, India and Pakistan.
This project was successful as it increased crop production many times over. Nearly 96% all of the cotton Worldwide production consists of this Bt cotton. So, agricultural technology has helped nations withstand the harmful effects of pests and natural disasters.
Cultivation methods are important in both quantitative and qualitative terms for proper crop production. Traditionally, the plants were harvested with secateurs, apron bags and hand sickles. But now farmers use harvesting machines, including threshers, in their fields. This modern technology increases your production and also saves a lot of time. In the past, a large part of the harvest could not be used properly, resulting in financial losses. Therefore, advanced agricultural technology is also helpful in harvesting crops by reducing the time and increasing their productivity.
Every year farmers encounter swarms of locusts moving in search of food. These swarms are so large that they take up an area of the entire city. Swarms of desert locusts can be 460 square miles With 40 to 80 million grasshopper in less than half a square mile.
Locusts eat thousands of acres of crops in a very short space of time, destroy the entire crop and cause irreparable damage to the farmers. Cotton crops are badly damaged by grasshopper attacks, leaving the farmer out of hands. In the past, people set some of the crops on fire and beat the drums to get rid of them. South Asia is one of the main locations for grasshopper attacks.
Every year swarms of locusts came to South Asia from different regions of the world. Mainly these swarms start their journey from Africa, move towards the Arab countries and Iran, and then move on to Pakistan and India. After research about 40% Agricultural land in Pakistan is attacked by locusts. Swarms of locusts are controlled with advanced technology. With the use of sprays and other preventive measures, we can easily save our crops. With the help of drone technology, we can see every movement of swarms of locusts. By Satellite surveillancewe can recognize their movement and become prematurely aware of their attack. Technology in the agricultural sector has a huge impact on the country’s economy.
So, as in any field, science and technology make our lifestyles simple and wasteful, and also improve a farmer’s life. The economic status of a country, especially in an agricultural country, reflects the life of a farmer. A country cannot achieve financial autonomy without improving the status of its farmer. With all of modern technology, it is now possible for the government to help a farmer who not only benefits society in terms of food availability but also controls food inflation. This helps a lot in increasing a country’s revenue. Therefore, every government must help and encourage its farmer to use modern technology so that it is beneficial to both the farmer and the world population.
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